Probably the best academic treatment of why modern foods play a role in diseases of civilization.
More interesting books..
This blog is about the intersection between evolutionary biology and food. But also about practical applications, sustainable agriculture, and general tasty things.
Some of my favorites and others popular with readers
Evolution is True, Evolution is Important
Paleolithic Post-Modernist Cuisine
Why Paleo Didn't Fix my IBS
Animal Rights-Locavore Cold War
The Feast, learning how to hunt
Children of the sun- Movat and natural exercise